Saturday, April 2, 2016

ကေလးမ်ားအတြက္ အဂၤလိပ္စာ ( Present Perfect Tense )



A. I'm sorry I'm late.
- ေနာက္က်သြားလုိ႔ ေဆာရီးကြာ ၊
B. That's OK.
- ရပါတယ္..
A. How long have you been waiting ?
- မင္းေစာင့္ေနတာ ဘယ္ေလာက္ၾကာသြားျပီလဲ
B. Not long. Only a few minutes.
- သိပ္မၾကာေသးပါဘူး ..ခဏေလးပါပဲ ( မိနစ္အနည္းငယ္သာ )
A. Have you already bought your ticket?
- လက္မွတ္ေကာ ၀ယ္ျပီးျပီလား။
B. Yes, I have, and I bought your ticket, too!
- ေအး ၀ယ္ျပီးျပီ .. မင္းအတြက္လည္း ၀ယ္ထားေပးတယ္။
A. Wow, thanks!
- အုိ..ေက်းဇူးပဲ..
A. I'm excited to see this movie!
- ဒီဇာတ္ကားၾကည့္ဖုိ႕ စိတ္လႈပ္ရွားေနတာ.
B. Me, too. I've heard it's funny.
- ငါေရာပဲေလ။ ဒီကားက ရီရတယ္ ၾကားတာပဲ ။
B. Really? I've heard it's scary.
- ဟုတ္လား .. ငါၾကားတာေတာ့ ေၾကာက္စရာေကာင္းတယ္တဲ့။
A. Oh. Maybe it's scary and funny.
- အင္း ေၾကာက္စရာလည္းေကာင္း ရယ္စရာလည္း ေကာင္း ျဖစ္ရင္ျဖစ္မွာေပါ့။
- The Present Perfect ပုံစံက
Has
have - Past participle ( V3) ျဖစ္ျပီး
သူ႕ရဲ႕အသုံးကေတာ့....
- We use the present perfect to talk about things we did in the recent past but have a result in the present .
Present Perfect ကုိ မၾကာေသးခင္က အတိတ္မွာ လုပ္ခဲ့ျပီး ယခု မ်က္ေမွာက္မွာ အက်ိဳးရလဒ္ ရိွေနဆဲ အရာေတြကုိ ေျပာဖုိ႔ သုံးပါတယ္။
( ကေလး အဆင့္ အသုံး မုိ႔ ဒီေလာက္ဆုိ လုံေလာက္ပါတယ္ )
ဒီစာသား ၈ ခုကုိ အၾကိမ္ၾကိမ္ ရြတ္ဆုိပါ။ ျမန္မာလုိ ျပန္မေပးေတာ့ပါဘူး ။ ပုံၾကည့္ျပီး သိႏုိင္ပါတယ္.
1. Cleaned his desk
2. washed her hands
3. watched the movie
4. walked the dog
5. gone to the store
6. eaten dinner
7. fed the cat
8. done his homework
ျပီးေနာက္..
Positive Statements
-------------------------
>> I / We / You / They + Have - Past participle ( V3 )
>> He / She/ It + has - Past participle ( V3)
Negative
-----------
> I / We/ You / The+ haven't- Past Participle ( V3)
> He /She / it + hasn't - Past participle ( V3)
Question
-----------
အကူ ၾကိယာကုိ Subject အေရွ႕ကုိပုိ႕ပါ။
> Have... I/ we/ you/ they + Past Participle ( V3)
> Has ... he/ she / it + Past participle ( V3)
1. He has already cleaned his desk.
သူ သူ႕စာပြဲကုိ ရွင္းျပီးႏွင့္ျပီ။
He hasn't cleaned his desk yet.
သူ စာပြဲကုိ မရွင္းရေသးဘူး။
2. She has already washed her hands.
သူ (မ) လက္ေဆးျပီးျပီ။
She hasn't washed her hands yet.
သူ( မ ) လက္မေဆးရေသးဘူး
3. She has already watched the movie.
She hasn't watched the movie yet.
4.She has already walked the dog.
She hasn't walked the dog yet.
5.He has already gone to the store.
He hasn't gone to the store yet.
6.He has already eaten dinner.
He hasn't eaten dinner yet.
7.She has already fed the cat.
She hasn't fed the cat yet.
8.He has already done his homework.
He hasn't done his homework yet.
already ကုိ ..Have နဲ႕ Past Participle ၾကားထားရျပီး
Already က ေမးတဲ့သူ မေမးခင္ကတည္းက တစ္ခုခုကုိ အရင္လုပ္ျပီးတာ။
Yet ကေတာ့ အျငင္းကိန္းနဲ႕ ေမးခြန္းပုံစံမွာ သုံးပါတယ္။ ၀ါက် ေနာက္ဆုံးမွာ ထားရပါတယ္။
ေျပာသူက မလုပ္ရေသးေသာ အရာကုိ လုပ္ဖုိ႕ ရည္ရြယ္ထားပါတယ္။

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